B.C. Askins

The Man With the Golden Gun

Archive for the month “May, 2012”

Exegesis of 1 Peter 3:13-17: Verse 13

3:13, “Now who is there to harm you if you are zealous for what is good?”

Verse 13 begins a specific application of Peter’s admonitions to righteous living from verses 8-12. The close link between 3:13 and the preceding verses is demonstrated by his use of the conjunction kai even while drawing an inference from verse 12. (2) The link is further supported by the repeated use in 3:13 of key terms taken from the author’s quotation of Ps 34 in verses 11-12, namely ‘doing good’ in verse 11 and ‘doing evil’ in verse 12. (3)

The use of a rhetorical question directs the audiences’ thoughts toward their own circumstances. Who will harm them if they follow hard after what is good? If the eyes of the Lord are on the righteous and his face is against those who do evil (verse 12) who could ever truly harm believers who zealously pursue righteousness? The answer implied by the question appears to be, “No one.” However, there are many clear examples of believers being harmed, even murdered, for pursuing righteousness. (4) So what are we to make of the apparent conflict with reality created by this implication?

Schreiner resolves this issue by viewing the use of the future tense participle ho kakoson as eschatological, referring to the fact that believers will not be harmed on the final judgment day. (5) However, this interpretation does not account for the contrastive parallelism between verses 13 and 14, where kakoson parallels pasxoite and tou agathou zeilotai parallels dia dikaiosunein. This suggests that kakoson has the same meaning as pasxoite, namely, “physical suffering” – rather than “eschatological harm.” It seems more likely that the rhetorical question is hyperbolic, and qualified immediately by the conditional (ei) and the optative mood of pasxoite in verse 14. Further support for this interpretation is drawn from the fact that every other use of kakoo in the NT refers to physical suffering, not eschatological harm. (6)

Effectively, Peter is stating that pursuing righteousness does not generally meet with opposition, in principle; however, the principle of sin is also at work in the world, at times producing violently irrational responses to the goodness of God, sometimes directed at His followers.

(2) “The kai with which this verse opens functions not so much as a copulative link with the preceding sentence (‘and’) as it does to introduce an inference from the preceding verse, and hence has the meaning ‘then.’” Paul J. Achtemeier, Hermeneia: 1 Peter, A Commentary on First Peter. (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1996), 229. Also J. Ramsey Michaels, Word Biblical Commentary: 1 Peter (Waco: Word Publishers, Inc., 1988), 185.

(3) In the text, the terms used are kaka in the quotation and kakoson in the rhetorical question, as well as the neuter singular of agathos in both places.

(4) Acts 7, the martyrdom of Stephen, can be viewed as a representative example.

(5) Thomas R. Schreiner, The New American Commentary: 1, 2 Peter, Jude. (Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2003), 170.

(6) Walter Bauer, W.F. Arndt, F.W. Gingrich, F.W. Danker, A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature, 3rd ed, ed. Frederick William Danker (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2000), 502. Also Mark Dubis, 1 Peter: A Handbook on the Greek Text. (Waco: Baylor University Press, 2010), 106.


Pro Mask Murph: Attempted

Gas mask practice Hallow School 1940s

Gas mask practice Hallow School 1940s (Photo credit: muffinn)

Murph with 21lb. weight vest and pro mask? Crazy. But I tried it. Back in March I did the running portions of Murph with a pro mask and decided I’d try to do the whole shebang in a pro mask today. Lesson learned: oxygen-deprivation sucks the life out of you. Quite literally.

So I made it through a couple rounds but had to dump the mask… then had to dump the vest a little over halfway through. The earlier hypoxia sapped a ton of energy. Total time was 59:01. I’ll need to do some more pro mask work before a goal like this will be attainable. This was a full hour of misery.

Muddy Fanatic 2012

Wounded Warrior Project

Wounded Warrior Project (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

I ran the Muddy Fanatic 5K Obstacle Course on Saturday. It was a blast! I did it solo and looked at it as a fun training run in prep for the Tough Mudder this fall. (You can donate to the Wounded Warrior Project on my behalf here, if you’d like.)

It was a really great atmosphere, lots of fun people and camaraderie out on the course. It was a really burly 5K even apart from the obstacles, with one gigantic, continuous hill climb (which made Houghton College‘s “Devil’s Back” hill seem like a geographical pimple, for those who’ve been there). The obstacles themselves were tons of fun, and I stopped along the way to help several groups get over some of the bigger obstacles, which is always fun to me (but I had to see if I could make it over the obstacles myself without help – what can I say? I’m hyperindependent.) I got pretty scuffed up by the end, which just means I was doing it right!

Lessons learned for future races:

1.) Gloves are a must. (I flew down some of the hasty rappel rope bridges, while others were left hand-over-handing it.)

2.) Under Armour compression shirts and pants would be helpful (in minimizing scuffage and maximizing slipperiness through mud).

3.) I need to run A LOT more often – for distance. Not just sprint intervals. (Grrrr. I hate running slowly.)

4.) Free Monsters and free beer after the race is hard to beat.

5.) Team atmosphere is a lot more fun than going solo in these sorts of races (even if it means slowing down for weaker members).

On that note, anybody interested in the Rugged Maniac in August or the Tough Mudder in October?

Erasmus’ Principles on How to Be Strong While Remaining Virtuous in a Dangerous World: 7


We are not perfect – this only means we should try harder

Exegesis of 1 Peter 3:13-17: Introduction

1 Peter is a book about hope-filled, righteous living in the eschatological tension present for members of Christ’s already-established but not-yet-fully-consummated kingdom. 1 Peter 3:13-17 is an inclusio (1) which adequately reflects some of the larger themes of this epistle, particularly the exhortation to righteous living and encouragement in times of suffering. It is contextually situated in a pericope about suffering for righteousness’ sake, located between the author’s admonition and explanation of righteous living (verses 8-12) and the proclamation of Christ’s suffering for salvation and resurrection with power (verses 18-22). Within the broader context of 1 Peter this pericope is a specific encouragement for the church to live a holy life, fearing only God even in the midst of suffering.

The purpose of this paper is to systematically analyze the Greek grammar and syntax of this text in order to draw appropriate theological conclusions regarding how Christians are to suffer righteously, as well as a brief concluding discussion regarding some contextual implications of Peter’s use of the term apologian for Christian philosophy and apologetics.

(1) The rhetorical interrogative of verse 13 is closely tied to verse 14 by qualification, and the use of the optative mood in both 14 and 17 displays the enclosure between verses 13-14a and 17, while not making any sharp breaks thematically from the rest of the pericope (verses 8-22). See the discussion in J. Ramsey Michaels, Word Biblical Commentary: 1 Peter (Waco: Word Publishers, Inc., 1988), 184.

WODs: Sunday’s Crossfit and LSD

Did Sunday’s WOD from the Crossfit site yesterday:

For time:
135 pound Back squat, 50 reps
40 Pull-ups
135 pound Shoulder-to-overhead, 30 reps
85 pound Front squat, 50 reps
40 Pull-ups
85 pound Shoulder-to-overhead, 30 reps
65 pound Overhead squat, 50 reps
40 Pull-ups
65 pound Shoulder-to-overhead, 30 reps

Took me 37:16 (had to scale the overhead squats back to front squats part way through because my OHS form is poor).

Then went for a long slow distance run today – which for me was 4 miles in 40 minutes. Legs pretty beat up (more beat up than pretty, really). Glad to have my diet back on track after all the travel for work and DFAC eating, but have some catching up to do.

Erasmus’ Principles on How to Be Strong While Remaining Virtuous in a Dangerous World: 6


Let your rule of government be determined by the common good

May: Michael Murphy’s Merry Marauding Month-long Memorial Muscle Massacre

Today is LT Michael P. Murphy‘s (USN, SEAL) birthday. He would’ve been 36 by my count. So between his birthday being this month and signing up for “Memorial Day Murph,” I decided to declare May Michael Murphy’s Merry Marauding Month-long Memorial Muscle Massacre. Booya. (You should sign up for Memorial Day Murph too; not only because the t-shirts are so cool but also the charities are so worthy.)

What does that mean? A whole lotta Murphin‘ goin’ on in May (not like this; like this). I’m going to attempt a different version of Murph every Monday this month. For the uninitiated, Murph is:

For time:
1 mile Run
100 Pull-ups
200 Push-ups
300 Squats
1 mile Run

Partition the pull-ups, push-ups, and squats as needed. Start and finish with a mile run. If you’ve got a twenty pound vest or body armor, wear it.

So today was “Heavy Murph.” That would be Murph with 60# of body armor, rather than just 20. I wound up having to drop the weight to 30# a little less than halfway through because I just couldn’t get my chin over the bar on anymore pullups. And the last mile was nothing but a trail of tears. Took me 63 minutes.

Erasmus’ Principles on How to Be Strong While Remaining Virtuous in a Dangerous World: 5


If you are greatly concerned with money you will be weak of spirit

Erasmus’ Principles on How to Be Strong While Remaining Virtuous in a Dangerous World: 3


You will find that things are not as bad as they appear

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